老虎机网上娱乐

八面来风

八面来风

习近平: 思政课是落实立德树人根本任务的关键课程

时间: 2020-09-03发布者: 周瑾

老虎机网上娱乐JINTIAN,LAOHUJIWANGSHANGYULEZAIZHEILIZHAOKAIXUEXIAOSIXIANGZHENGZHILILUNKEJIAOSHIZUOTANHUI。CANJIAHUIYIDEZHUYAOSHIDAZHONGXIAOXUESIZHENGKEYIXIANJIAOSHI。SHOUXIAN,WOXIANGZAIZUOGEWEILAOSHI,XIANGQUANGUODAZHONGXIAOXUESIZHENGKEJIAOSHI,ZHIYICHENGZHIDEWENHOU!

GURENSHUO: “JINGJIAOQUANXUE,JIANGUOZHIDABEN;XINGXIANYUCAI,WEIZHENGZHIXIANWU。”JIAOYUSHIMINZUZHENXING、SHEHUIJINBUDEZHONGYAOJISHI,SHIGONGZAIDANGDAI、LIZAIQIANQIUDEDEZHENGGONGCHENG,DUITIGAORENMINZONGHESUZHI、CUJINRENDEQUANMIANFAZHAN、ZENGQIANGZHONGHUAMINZUCHUANGXINCHUANGZAOHUOLI、SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGJUYOUJUEDINGXINGYIYI。

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XIAMIAN,WOJIUJIGEWENTIJIANGDIANYIJIAN,TONGDAJIALAOHUJIWANGSHANGYULE。

第一个问题: 办好思想政治理论课意义重大

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办好思政课,是我非常关心的一件事。党的十八大以来,党中央先后召开全国高校思想政治工作会议、全国教育大会,我就思政课建设多次讲过意见。我对教育工作在这方面强调得最多,教育工作别的方面我也强调,但思政课建设我必须更多强调。针对义务教育阶段中道德与法治、语文、历史三科教材建设,我提出要从维护国家意识形态安全、培养社会主义建设者和接班人的高度来抓好。老虎机网上娱乐培养人的目标是什么要搞清楚,现在非常明确坚定地提出要培养社会主义建设者和接班人。2014年,我在上海考察期间说过,培育和践行社会主义核心价值观要在落细落小落实上下功夫,特别是要抓好青少年等重点人群;在北京市海淀区民族小学考察时提出,学校要把德育放在更加重要的位置,努力做到每一堂课不仅传播知识、而且传授美德,让社会主义核心价值观的种子在学生们心中生根发芽。2016年,我在北京市八一学校考察时强调,基础教育是立德树人的事业,要旗帜鲜明加强思想政治教育、品德教育,加强社会主义核心价值观教育,引导学生自尊自信自立自强。在全国高校思想政治工作会议上,我强调思想政治理论课要坚持在改进中加强、在创新中提高,及时更新教学内容、丰富教学手段,不断改善课堂教学状况,防止形式化、表面化,等等。2018年五四前夕,我在北京大学专门考察了马克思主义学院。今年年初,我去南开大学时也强调了思政课建设。

DANGQIANXINGSHIXIA,BANHAOSIZHENGKE,YAOFANGZAISHIJIEBAINIANWEIYOUZHIDABIANJU、DANGHEGUOJIASHIYEFAZHANQUANJUZHONGLAIKANDAI,YAOCONGJIANCHIHEFAZHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYI、JIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUO、SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEGAODULAIDUIDAI。LAOHUJIWANGSHANGYULEZHENGZAIWEISHIXIAN“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”FENDOUMUBIAOERNULI。WEILAI30NIAN,LAOHUJIWANGSHANGYULEPEIYANGDERENYAONENGGOUWANCHENG“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”DEWEIYE。ZHEIJIUSHIJIAOYUDELISHIZEREN。LAOHUJIWANGSHANGYULEDANGLIZHIYUZHONGHUAMINZUQIANQIUWEIYE,BIXUPEIYANGYIDAIYOUYIDAIYONGHUZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAOHEWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU、LIZHIWEIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIYEFENDOUZHONGSHENDEYOUYONGRENCAI。ZHEIJIUYAOQIULAOHUJIWANGSHANGYULEBAXIAYIDAIJIAOYUHAO、PEIYANGHAO,CONGXUEXIAOZHUAQI、CONGWAWAZHUAQI。ZAIDAZHONGXIAOXUEXUNXUJIANJIN、LUOXUANSHANGSHENGDIKAISHESIZHENGKEFEICHANGBIYAO,SHIPEIYANGYIDAIYOUYIDAISHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEZHEHEJIEBANRENDEZHONGYAOBAOZHANG。RENDECHENGZHANG、CHENGSHU、CHENGCAIBUSHIYICUERJIUDE,ERSHIYIGEJIANJINDEGUOCHENG,JIUGENRENDESHENGLIFAYUYIYANG,SUOYIYAOBAZHEIJIGEJIEDUANDOUPUCHENHAO。

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老虎机网上娱乐BANHAOSIZHENGKE,YOUBUSHAOWENTIXUYAOJIEJUE,DANZUIZHONGYAODESHIJIEJUEHAOXINXINWENTI。“YURENWUYI,BIXIANZIXIN。”SIZHENGKEJIAOSHIBENSHENDOUBUXIN,HAIZENMEJIAOXUESHENG?LAOHUJIWANGSHANGYULEYINGGAIYOUXINXINBANHAOSIZHENGKE。DANGZHONGYANGDUIJIAOYUGONGZUOGAODUZHONGSHI,DUISIXIANGZHENGZHIGONGZUO、YISHIXINGTAIGONGZUOGAODUZHONGSHI,SHIZHONGJIANCHIMAKESIZHUYIZHIDAODIWEI,DALITUIJINZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXUEKETIXIJIANSHE,WEISIZHENGKEJIANSHETIGONGLEGENBENBAOZHENG。LAOHUJIWANGSHANGYULEDUIGONGCHANDANGZHIZHENGGUILV、SHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEGUILV、RENLEISHEHUIFAZHANGUILVDERENSHIHEBAWOBUDUANSHENRU,KAIPILEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNHESHIJIANFAZHANXINJINGJIE,ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIQUDEJUSHIZHUMUDECHENGJIU,WEISIZHENGKEJIANSHETIGONGLEYOULIZHICHENG。ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNSHIYIGETIXI,XINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGJIUSHIZAIDANGQIANZHEIGEFAZHANJIEDUANZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLISHIXINGTICHULAIDE。HAIYOUZHONGHUAMINZUJIQIANNIANLAIXINGCHENGLEBODAJINGSHENDEYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUA,LAOHUJIWANGSHANGYULEDANGDAILINGRENMINZAIGEMING、JIANSHE、GAIGEGUOCHENGZHONGDUANZAODEGEMINGWENHUAHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANJINWENHUA,WEISIZHENGKEJIANSHETIGONGLESHENHOULILIANG。LAOHUJIWANGSHANGYULETONGGUOSHOUZHENGCHUANGXINXINGCHENGLEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNTIXI,SHOUZHENGJIUBUNENGPIANLIMAKESIZHUYI、SHEHUIZHUYI,DANBUSHIKEZHOUQIUJIAN,HAIYAOWANGQIANFAZHAN、YUSHIJUJIN,FOUZEJIUSHIJIANGHUADE、CHENJIUDE、GUOSHIDE。SIZHENGKEJIANSHEZHANGQIYILAIXINGCHENGDEYIXILIEGUILVXINGRENSHIHECHENGGONGJINGYAN,WEISIZHENGKEJIANSHESHOUZHENGCHUANGXINTIGONGLEZHONGYAOJICHU。YOULEZHEIXIEJICHUHETIAOJIAN,YOULELAOHUJIWANGSHANGYULEZHEIZHIKEXIN、KEJING、KEKAO,LEWEI、GANWEI、YOUWEIDESIZHENGKEJIAOSHIDUIWU,LAOHUJIWANGSHANGYULEWANQUANYOUXINXINYOUNENGLIBASIZHENGKEBANDEYUELAIYUEHAO。

老虎机网上娱乐BANHAOSIZHENGKE,ZUIGENBENDESHIYAOQUANMIANGUANCHEDANGDEJIAOYUFANGZHEN,JIEJUEHAOPEIYANGSHENMEREN、ZENYANGPEIYANGREN、WEISHEIPEIYANGRENZHEIGEGENBENWENTI。XINSHIDAIGUANCHEDANGDEJIAOYUFANGZHEN,YAOJIANCHIMAKESIZHUYIZHIDAODIWEI,GUANCHEXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANG,JIANCHISHEHUIZHUYIBANXUEFANGXIANG,LUOSHILIDESHURENDEGENBENRENWU,JIANCHIJIAOYUWEIRENMINFUWU、WEIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZHIGUOLIZHENGFUWU、WEIGONGGUHEFAZHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUFUWU、WEIGAIGEKAIFANGHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEFUWU,ZHAGENZHONGGUODADIBANJIAOYU,TONGSHENGCHANLAODONGHESHEHUISHIJIANXIANGJIEHE,JIAKUAITUIJINJIAOYUXIANDAIHUA、JIANSHEJIAOYUQIANGGUO、BANHAORENMINMANYIDEJIAOYU,NULIPEIYANGDANDANGMINZUFUXINGDARENDESHIDAIXINREN,PEIYANGDEZHITIMEILAOQUANMIANFAZHANDESHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEZHEHEJIEBANREN。

第二个问题: 办好思想政治理论课关键在教师,关键在发挥教师的积极性、主动性、创造性

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“经师易求,人师难得。”教师承载着传播知识、传播思想、传播真理,塑造灵魂、塑造生命、塑造新人的时代重任。思政课教师,要给学生心灵埋下真善美的种子,引导学生扣好人生第一粒扣子。我在全国高校思想政治工作会议上说过,“讲思想政治理论课,要让信仰坚定、学识渊博、理论功底深厚的教师来讲,让学生真心喜爱、终身受益”。今天,我想进一步谈谈思政课教师素养的问题。

第一,政治要强。思政课要解决学生理想信念问题。要让有信仰的人讲信仰。对马克思主义的信仰,对社会主义和共产主义的信念,只有首先在思政课教师心中扎下根,才能在学生心中开花结果。思政课教师只有自己信仰坚定,对所讲内容高度认同,做学习和实践马克思主义的典范,才能讲得有底气,讲深讲透,才能有效引导学生真学、真懂、真信、真用。要善于从政治上看问题,自觉用新时代中国特色社会主义思想武装头脑,在大是大非面前保持政治清醒。教师是释疑解惑的,自己都疑惑重重,讲出来的东西不会是充分坚定、富有感染力的。

第二,情怀要深。思政课要引导学生立德成人、立志成才。只有打动学生,才能引导学生。教师在课堂上展现的情怀最能打动人,甚至会影响学生一生。真信才有真情,真情才能感染人。我为什么对焦裕禄那么一往情深,就是因为我在上初中一年级时,当时宣传焦裕禄的事迹,我的政治课老师在讲述焦裕禄的事迹时数度哽咽,一度讲不下去了,捂着眼睛抽泣,特别是讲到焦裕禄肝癌最严重时把藤椅给顶破了,我听了很受震撼。思政课教师要有家国情怀,心里装着国家和民族,在党和人民的伟大实践中关注时代、关注社会,汲取养分、丰富思想。要有传道情怀,对马克思主义理论教育事业投入真情实感,对思政课教育教学有执着追求。要有仁爱情怀,把对家国的爱、对教育的爱、对学生的爱融为一体,心中始终装着学生,让思政课成为一门有温度的课。

第三,思维要新。思政课要教会学生科学的思维。思政课教师给予学生的不应该只是一些抽象的概念,而应该是观察认识当代世界、当代中国的立场、观点、方法。思政课教学是一项非常有创造性的工作,要学会辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义,善于运用创新思维、辩证思维,善于运用矛盾分析方法抓住关键、找准重点、阐明规律,创新课堂教学,给学生深刻的学习体验。在教学中可以讨论问题,更要讲清楚成绩;可以批评不良社会现象,更要引导学生正面思考;可以讲社会主义建设的复杂性和艰巨性,更要引导学生对社会主义前景充满信心。无论怎么讲,最终都要落到引导学生树立正确的理想信念、学会正确的思维方法上来。

第四,视野要广。思政课教师要有知识视野,除了具有马克思主义理论功底之外,还要广泛涉猎其他哲学社会科学以及自然科学的知识。要有宽广的国际视野。学生经常会把国外的事情同国内的情况联系起来,这个过程就会产生一些疑惑。学生的疑惑就是思政课要讲清楚的重点。要善于利用国内外的事实、案例、素材,在比较中回答学生的疑惑,既不封闭保守,也不崇洋媚外,引导学生全面客观认识当代中国、看待外部世界,善于在批判鉴别中明辨是非。还要有历史视野。历史是最好的老师。思政课教师的历史视野中,要有5000多年中华文明史,要有500多年世界社会主义史,要有中国人民近代以来170多年斗争史,要有中国共产党近100年的奋斗史,要有中华人民共和国70年的发展史,要有改革开放40多年的实践史,要有新时代中国特色社会主义取得的历史性成就、发生的历史性变革,通过生动、深入、具体的纵横比较,把一些道理讲明白、讲清楚。

第五,自律要严。思政课教师对自己要求要严格,既要遵守教学纪律,也要遵守政治纪律和政治规矩,做到课上课下一致、网上网下一致,不能在课上讲得不错、却在课下乱讲,不能在现实生活中表现不错、却在网上乱说。思政课教师掌握着课堂的主导权和话语权,一定要自觉弘扬主旋律,积极传递正能量。遵守纪律,不意味着不能讲矛盾、碰问题。有的教师怵于思政课的意识形态属性,担心祸从口出,总是绕开问题讲、避开难点讲。只要坚持正确政治方向,立足于引导学生坚定理想信念,全面客观看问题,就不用担心在政治上出问题。要给教师充分的信任,不抓辫子、不扣帽子、不打棍子。

第六,人格要正。有人格,才有吸引力。亲其师,才能信其道。思政课教师要有堂堂正正的人格,用高尚的人格感染学生、赢得学生。要有学识魅力,用真理的力量感召学生,以深厚的理论功底赢得学生。思想要有境界,语言也要有魅力,从教师的话语中,学生能够感受到教师的人格和学识。要自觉做到修身修为,像曾子那样“吾日三省吾身”,像王阳明那样“诚意正心”、“知行合一”,自觉做为学为人的表率,做让学生喜爱的人。

第三个问题: 推动思想政治理论课改革创新,不断增强思政课的思想性、理论性和亲和力、针对性

老虎机网上娱乐GAIGECHUANGXINSHISHIDAIJINGSHEN,QINGSHAONIANSHIZUIHUOYUEDEQUNTI,SIZHENGKEJIANSHEYAOXIANGGAIGECHUANGXINYAOHUOLI。RUGUOZUOYITIANHESHANGZHUANGYITIANZHONG,ZHAOBENXUANKE、YINGFUCHASHI,NEI“DAOKELV”、“TAITOULV”SHIBIDADAZHEKOU。HENDUOXUEXIAOZAISIZHENGKESHANGJIJICAIYONGANLISHIJIAOXUE、TANJIUSHIJIAOXUE、TIYANSHIJIAOXUE、HUDONGSHIJIAOXUE、ZHUANTISHIJIAOXUE、FENZHONGSHIJIAOXUEDENG,YUNYONGXIANDAIXINXIJISHUDENGSHOUDUANJIANSHEZHIHUIKETANGDENG,QUDELEJIJICHENGXIAO。ZHEIXIEDOUZHIDEKENDINGHEGULI。TUIDONGSIZHENGKEGAIGECHUANGXIN,YAOZUODAOYIXIAJIGE“TONGYI”。

第一,坚持政治性和学理性相统一。政治引导是思政课的基本功能。强调思政课的政治引导功能,并不是要把课讲成简单的政治宣传,而要以透彻的学理分析回应学生,以彻底的思想理论说服学生,用真理的强大力量引导学生。马克思说: “理论只要彻底,就能说服人。”马克思主义理论就是彻底的理论。思政课教师所讲的理论、观点、结论要经得起学生各种“为什么”的追问,这样效果才能好。需要注意的是,不能用学理性弱化政治性,在大中小学的不同学段,无论是通过讲故事、讲历史还是讲理论的方式讲思政课,都要体现思政课的政治引导功能。

第二,坚持价值性和知识性相统一。思政课重在塑造学生的价值观,这一点必须牢牢抓住。强调思政课的价值性,不是要忽视知识性,而是要通过满足学生对知识的渴求加强价值观教育。只有空洞的价值观说教,没有科学的知识作支撑,价值观教育的效果也会大打折扣。当然,在思政课教学中也不能只强调知识性,不能为了应付考试让学生死记硬背知识点,而不注重对学生价值观的引导。学生有兴趣才会记忆,这种记忆是牢靠的,没有兴趣死记硬背就是死知识。知识是载体,价值是目的,要寓价值观引导于知识传授之中。比如,在讲授中国历史时,要注重引导学生传承民族气节、崇尚英雄气概,引导学生学习英雄、铭记英雄,自觉反对那些数典忘祖、妄自菲薄的历史虚无主义和文化虚无主义,自觉提升境界、涵养气概、激励担当。

第三,坚持建设性和批判性相统一。思政课的任务是传导主流意识形态,建设性是其根本。同时,彻底的批判精神是马克思主义本质特征,马克思主义就是在同各种错误思潮的不断斗争中开辟前进道路的。思政课要在传播马克思主义立场、观点、方法的基础上用好批判的武器,直面各种错误观点和思潮,旗帜鲜明进行剖析和批判。任何社会任何时期都会有各种问题存在,要教育引导学生正确看待、辩证认识、理性分析现实问题,辨明大是大非、真假黑白,在对社会假恶丑现象的批判中弘扬真善美。要坚持问题导向,学生关注的、有疑惑的问题其实也就几大类,要把这些问题掰开了、揉碎了,深入研究解答,把事实和道理一条条讲清楚。实际上,有时候不一定讲得那么高大全,从一个问题切入,把一个问题讲深,最后触类旁通,可以带动很多关联问题,有可能是一通百通,提纲挈领。要练就不怕问、怕不问、见问则喜的真本领,不能见学生提问就发怵。真理从来是在诘问和辩难中发展起来的,如果一问就问倒了,那就说明所讲的不是真理或者自己还没有掌握真理。

第四,坚持理论性和实践性相统一。思政课要用科学理论培养人,遵循不同学段学生的认知规律,把马克思主义基本原理讲清楚、讲透彻。同时,马克思主义是在实践中形成并不断发展的,要高度重视思政课的实践性,把思政小课堂同社会大课堂结合起来,在理论和实践的结合中,教育引导学生把人生抱负落实到脚踏实地的实际行动中来,把学习奋斗的具体目标同民族复兴的伟大目标结合起来,立鸿鹄志,做奋斗者。

第五,坚持统一性和多样性相统一。思政课的教学目标、课程设置、教材使用、教学管理等方面有统一要求,但具体落实要因地制宜、因时制宜、因材施教,结合实际把统一性要求落实好,鼓励探索不同方法和路径。思政课教师在教学中要把统编教材作为依据,确保教学的规范性、科学性、权威性,同时也不能简单照本宣科。教材给出的是教学的基本结论和简要论述,要让不同类型的学生都爱听爱学、听懂学会,需要做很多创造性工作。要在教学过程中进行多样化探索,通过多种方式实现教学目标。

第六,坚持主导性和主体性相统一。思政课教学离不开教师的主导,同时要坚持以学生为中心,加大对学生的认知规律和接受特点的研究,发挥学生主体性作用。一些思政课堂运用小组研学、情景展示、课题研讨、课堂辩论等方式教学,让学生来讲,这有利于发挥学生主体性作用。教师要做好画龙点睛工作,加强引导和总结提炼。要教育引导学生多读读马克思主义经典著作、当代中国马克思主义理论著作、中华优秀传统文化典籍等。要开出书单、指出重点,让学生正确理解经典著作,掌握马克思主义精髓,感知中华文化魅力,避免教条主义、本本主义,避免一知半解误读马克思主义。

第七,坚持灌输性和启发性相统一。灌输是马克思主义理论教育的基本方法。列宁说: “工人本来也不可能有社会民主主义的意识。这种意识只能从外面灌输进去。”让学生接受马克思主义,离不开必要的灌输,但这不等于搞填鸭式的“硬灌输”。要注重启发式教育,引导学生发现问题、分析问题、思考问题,在不断启发中让学生水到渠成得出结论。这里面,会讲故事、讲好故事十分重要,思政课就要讲好中华民族的故事、中国共产党的故事、中华人民共和国的故事、中国特色社会主义的故事、改革开放的故事,特别是要讲好新时代的故事。讲故事,不仅老师讲,而且要组织学生自己讲。

第八,坚持显性教育和隐性教育相统一。思政课要做思想政治教育的显性课程。有人提出把思政课变成隐性课程,完全融入其他人文素质课程中,这是不对的。老虎机网上娱乐办中国特色社会主义教育,就是要理直气壮开好思政课。同时,要挖掘其他课程和教学方式中蕴含的思想政治教育资源,实现全员全程全方位育人。既要有惊涛拍岸的声势,也要有润物无声的效果,这是教育之道。

老虎机网上娱乐YISHANGZHEIXIE,SHUODESHIZHIYOUDAHAOZUHEQUAN,CAINENGJIANGHAOSIZHENGKE,DANWULUNZUHEQUANZENMEDA,ZUIZHONGYAOLUODAOBASIZHENGKEJIANGDEGENGYOUQINHELIHEGANRANLI、GENGYOUZHENDUIXINGHESHIXIAOXINGSHANGLAI,SHIXIANZHI、QING、YI、XINGDETONGYI,JIAORENKOUFUXINFU。

第四个问题: 加强党对思想政治理论课建设的领导

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老虎机网上娱乐ZHONGYANGJIAOYUGONGZUOLINGDAOXIAOZUYAOBASIZHENGKEJIANSHENARUZHONGYAOYISHIRICHENG。JIAOYUBU、ZHONGXUANBUDENGBUMENYAOQIANTOUZHUASIZHENGKEJIANSHE。XIANGGUANBUMENYAOZENGQIANGGONGZUOHELI。SIZHENGKEJIANSHEQINGKUANGYAONARUXUEXIAODANGDEJIANSHEGONGZUOKAOHE、BANXUEZHILIANGHEXUEKEJIANSHEPINGGUDENG,DUCUXUEXIAOQIESHIBAZHEIXIANGGONGZUOZHUAQILAI、ZHUADAOWEI。

 ※这是习近平总书记2019年3月18日在学校思想政治理论课教师座谈会上讲话的主要部分。

(来源:老虎机网上娱乐

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